Archive for December 2013

The sadness of Martin Buber

December 31, 2013

“We must use terror, assassination, intimidation, land confiscation, and the cutting of all social services to rid the Galilee of its Arab population.” – David Ben-Gurion

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In 1938 the distinguished Jewish philosopher and theologian of dialogue, Professor Martin Buber (1878-1965) came from Germany to live in Palestine at the age of sixty. While a lifelong Zionist Buber was becoming increasingly disenchanted by the growing xenophobic brand in Israel.

In 1942 Buber reiterated his deep belief that crass nationalism would never be enough. His simple stance as a believer was that  ”Israel was and is a people and a religious community in one…he who severs this bond severs the life of Israel.”

It was obvious that due to the extraordinary energy released by the kibbutz movement and civic fire unleashed  by the founding of the state, the “nation was on the rise.” Sadly, he lamented, “religion is on a steep downward fall, for it is no longer a power which determines all of life; it has been confined  to the special sphere of ritual or sermons.” For Buber the separation of religion and national life “was a fatal error.”

Buber  called  the power which emanated from Torah and which was meant to infuse state politics, “Hebrew humanism.” The compassion which all the Abrahamic religions hold absolutely central, in its Israeli incarnation was “in opposition to that Jewish nationalism which regards Israel as a nation like unto other nations and recognizes no task for Israel save that of preserving and asserting itself.”

“Hebrew humanism” must prevail over “a nationalism which is nothing but empty self-assertion. The Zionist movement must decide either for national egoism or national humanism.”

Six years later  in 1958 Buber uttered an almost heretical statement which many Jews of conscience  came to agree with: “The majority of Jews preferred to learn from Hitler than from us ( prophetic Torah inspired humanists)…Hitler showed that history does not follow the path of the mind, but that of power, and that when a people is quite strong, it can kill with impunity.”

In its Declaration of Independence in 1949 Israel had promised “full and equal citizenship to Israeli Arabs. This was a ploy to placate the Western world still in the afterglow of the human rights movement which emerged from World War ll. The 1948 UN Declaration stated that,”Everyone has  a right of freedom of movement and residence  within the borders of each state,” and “Everyone has  the right to leave any country, including his own and to return to that country. Boh of these  rigts would in time be denied to the original inhabitants of the land they called Filastin. The somewhat innocent Martin Buber never realized the hidden machinations of the Zionist leadership whose intention was always  to expel the Arab population and claim the whole of the land.

In an 1962 protest  letter to Prime Minister Ben Gurion the theologian noted that Israel “has committed acts which have engendered in the Arab inhabitants of the State a feeling that they are but second-class citizens.”

Today he would be stunned at the staggering oppression and abuse of the Palestinian people. He could not help but see what the brilliant Palestinian intellectual Edward Said said  in 1980 about his own people,”an anti-imperialist and anticolonialist  Third World people whose basis for action includes  their own dispossession as a people as well as their opposition to racial discrimination, territorial expropriation, and military occupation.” Not to mention one of the sorest wounds to the Palestinian psyche contained in the UN  Commission  on Human rights that “No one shall be deprived of his nationality or forced to renounce his nationality as a means of divesting the right to return to his country.” The Law of Return today in Israel means  any Jew born anywhere is entitled to claim immediate Israeli citizenship and residence but no Arab can.

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Buber  would have to conclude that the virulent nationalism of men like Ben Gurion had almost totally destroyed the Hebrew humanism he had championed.

While Buber was dreaming his beautiful dream so central to the heart of Judaism, men like Ben Gurion were plotting otherwise

In a famous letter to his son Amos (October 5, 1937) the cynical first Prime Minister laid out the Zionist plan:

My assumption (which is why I am a fervent proponent of a state, even though it is now linked to partition) is that a Jewish state on only part of the land is not the end but the beginning.

When we acquire one thousand or 10,000 dunams, we feel elated. It does not hurt  our feelings that by this acquisition we are not in possession of the whole land. This is because this increase in possession is of consequence not only in itself, but because through it we increase our strength, and every increase in strength helps in the possession of the land as a whole. The establishment of a state, even if only on a portion of the land, is the maximal reinforcement of our strength at the present time and a powerful boost to our historical endeavors to liberate the entire country.

We shall admit into the state all the Jews we can. We firmly believe that we can admit more than two million Jews. We shall build a multi-faceted Jewish economy– agricultural, industrial, and maritime. We shall organize an advanced defense force—a superior army which I have no doubt will be one of the best  armies in the world. At that point I am confident that we would not fail in settling in the remaining parts of the country, through agreement and understanding with our Arab neighbors, or through some other means.

Ben Gurion was the apotheosis of the blind nationalism divorced from Torah compassion.

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We remember

December 27, 2013

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Haroon Siddiqui wrote a fine Anti-amnesia column in the Star. His topic was the unsung heroes of the anti-apartheid struggle.

Apartheid did not go gently into the night. It was pushed and shoved by thousands of anonymous “small people….church activists who organized on moral grounds against the evil of the system. Siddiqui names several from the different faith traditions–Bonnie Green, Moira Hutchinson, Jim Webb sj and the great Anglican bishop Ted Scott. Academics  played a huge part John Saul at York, Joanna Naiman at Ryerson who is still ferocious in her resistance to the present apartheid state Israel. In 1982 Many of us took our money out of the Bank of Commerce when we found an alternative : the TD Bank was breaking with South Africa.

At cocktail parties when asked if we wanted some wine, we asked, “What kind?”

“Does it matter?

“Yes, I don’t like blood with my wine.” We boycotted South African wines.

Many of today’s Catholic bishops now  in their 60s were nowhere to be seen. What had the gospel to do with apartheid? These men now head major sees.

And oh those Tories like Tony Clement.

Many remember his role as president of the young Tories at the U of T.. Clement and pals decided that the Law School should invite Glenn Babb, the South African Ambassador, to defend apartheid. As for the ANC—they were terrorists. My friend Lennox Farrell a fellow teacher was so incensed he ended up tossing a gavel at the smooth Babb. Clement oozed his way up the Tory pole and now sits as a cabinet minister, part of the demolition team undercutting the common good.

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All those other Tories—Flaherty, Harris, Baird—too busy building their careers to get engaged in such an issue.

And remember Conrad Black support the ANC rival Buthelezi?

Some people don’t forget.

Capitalism however acts as a scrubbing machine erasing our memories ever intent on the latest diversion.

Some people (like Siddiqui and nobody at the Sun) however do remember who stood tall in those years.And we remember that Mandela consistently supported the Palestinian struggle.

Thanks to columnists like Siddiqui we remember, just like we remember Mandela’s great friendship with the Palestinians.

Maybe that is why Netanyahu never showed at Mandela’s funeral. Why pay tribute to that Palestinian lover?

maybe now the world can move on to apartheid Israel.

The aforementioned professor emerita Joann Naiman phrased it well

Israel is not identical to South Africa. But that does not mean it is not an apartheid state. In fact, there are over 50 Israeli laws that discriminate against Palestinians … There are different rights and privileges for different categories of people that determine how and where they can live and work, with whom they can associate, where they can travel, whether they can live with their spouse, and so on. Permits for Palestinians to travel beyond their assigned areas are stringently controlled.”

Israel reta 

O Little Town of Bethlehem

December 25, 2013

Move beyond  the “first naiveté”(Ricoeur)

The first naïveté refers to the interpretation of scripture (or religious belief)  where everything is taken at face value. This is the same as saying that  the person in the first naïveté believes everything about his religion literally.

A socio-political reading of the gospel.

To be “good news” the gospel must be contemporary, speak to us in our historical situation.

The mighty symbols of the birth stories—Herod,no room at the inn, following the Star are in Michael Dowd’s words “night language”, spectacular images of emotional truth. They are metaphorical, not to be read like “day language” of everyday discourse. Here is my latest attempt. It reflects Jesus under occupation as he was in antiquity by the Romans. Today Jesus alive in the oppressed Palestinians lives under Israeli occupation.

These prose-poems I have penned for over 40 years  are consistent in that they take seriously the idea that the Christmas stories are not for children. Christians have for far too long treated the Infancy Narratives as either myth or as pretty harmless legends for kids. They are anything but. They are evangelical dynamite, brilliantly polished nuggets brimming with radical theological import. They challenge the Roman claim that the powerful Emperor Augustus is Lord and rules as “dominus et deus.” a common inscription of the time. In an absolutely outrageous claim, the evengelists point to the itinerant rabbi, murdered by the state as “dominus et deus.”

Roman writers of antiquity could not grasp the dynamic spread of the Jesus Movement. Men like Tacitus quoted here, were  beside themselves as the exitiabilis superstitio (pernicious superstition ) continued to make inroads in the vast empire long after Jesus’s public execution. The description  of, this great Roman historian, is typical of the time—shocking disbelief that a “dominus et deus” could come out of Galilee, part of  a backwater Roman province.

My prose poems  attempt to unpack the good news for our time. In the words of the great German theologian Johann Baptist Metz, these are “dangerous” stories.  I have simply tried to let them speak to our era. Each year demands a new interpretation. If the four gospels do not reproduce a “fifth” for our age, they are simply “old news” and not “good news.” I have  tried to be faithful to the contemporary manifestation of the  Spirit, the Divine Disturber.  I am indebted to my great teacher in England, Hubert Richards  who set me on this path in 1971.

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Then they opened their treasures and presented him with gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh. And having been warned in a dream not to go back to Herod, they returned to their country by another route.

Matthew 2:11.12

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And on the way they came upon the “apartheid wall”.

Dumbfounded they asked Samir who was weeping nearby in his destroyed olive grove.

“See for yourselves,” he said through his tears, ”twice as high as the Berlin wall, criss crossing Palestine, 4000 miles of concrete hatred.

It rips neighbourhoods, isolates us from friends and family, steals productive farmland and water supplies—all illegal under international law.

We are imprisoned in ghettoes much like Lodz, Lublin and Vilna were in the Shoah.

Settlers from Russia and America are connected by “Jews only” roads, free to travel to loved ones—1660 kms. Such a democracy!

Our holy city Al Quds is encircled by this monster squeezing us into 5 ghettoes.”

Repression continues. Herod has not died. But the baby lives and his Spirit surely will cut through this wall.

Mayor Bloomberg’s strange god

December 21, 2013

 

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The great educator Diane Ravitch felt compelled at this time of the year to stray from her usual blog on the topic she  knows so well. She recently reported on a stunning New york times  front page storyabout a homeless girl named Dasani, who was called “Invisible Child.” Ravitch wrote

Readers  learned about the deplorable conditions in the shelter where she was living in a single room with her parents and seven siblings. They learned about the rats, roaches, and mold; about inspectors who wrote reports that led to no action; they learned about charges of sexual abuse by staff; and about a myriad other horrors in which Dasani and thousands of other children were living. They learned that New York City now has 22,000 children who are homeless, a historic high. The series was brilliantly written by Andrea Elliott, an investigative journalist. Eliott acknowledged that a large part of Dasani’s fate was caused by her dysfunctional parents, who were unemployed and fighting drug addiction. But she also blamed city policies, that had created the system in which the family was ensnared.

Mayor Bloomberg was asked to comment on the series, which stirred wide attention.

He said:

“This kid was dealt a bad hand. I don’t know quite why. That’s just the way God works. Sometimes some of us are lucky and some of us are not,” he told Politicker, calling her plight “a sad situation.”

Sadder still is the hubris of billionaire Bloomberg whose theology needs a radical reboot—especially at this time of year.

“That’s just the way God works”.

Count me an atheist to this god.

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The fearless Roger Waters

December 19, 2013

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Roger Waters is the front man and driving force behind the legendary rock group Pink Floyd. More importantly, he has become the most fearless artist supporting the Boycott Divestment Movement against apartheid israel. There have been other artists (Elvis Costello, Carlos Santana, Stevie Wonder etc.) who have done the minimum—refused to play Israel as long as it persists in its manifold human rights abuses against Palestinians and its defiance of international law.

Waters is to become the Michael Moore of his generation. For pure courage, Moore with his social justice background stands as  the Catholic prophet of the last 20 years.  When silence reigned supreme  in the imperial Bush years Moore confronted American hubris and war making.

Waters is made of the same stuff.

In a courageous interview with Israel’s  Haaretz Waters laid it out. Some remarks were taken from the online journal Counterpunch

“The Jewish lobby is extraordinary powerful here and particularly in the industry that I work in, the music industry and in rock’n roll as they say, I’ve spoken to people who are terrified that if they stand shoulder to shoulder with me they are going to get f-cked. Musicians often use contemporary argot!

Speaking of much of the rabbinate Waters stated,” They believe that the Indigenous people of the region that they kicked off the land in 1948 and have continued to kick off the land ever since are subhuman.

The growth of the BDS movement should come as no surprise, “the parallels with what went on in the 30’s in Germany are so crushingly obvious.”

While not drawing a parallel with the Nazi regime, Waters likened Israel’s brutal discrimination against native Palestinians, its separate laws, infrastructures such as roads, electricity,its racism to similar trends in pre-war Germany.

“The occupation, the ethnic cleansing and the systematic racist apartheid Israeli regime is unacceptable… I would not have played for the Vichy government in occupied France in WWII, would not have played in Berlin either during this time. Many people did, back in the day. There were many people that pretended that the oppression of the Jews was not going on. From 1933 until 1946. So this is not a new scenario. Except that this time it’s the Palestinians being murdered.”

Why the silence then in the artistic community?

“Musicians do not touch the issue of Palestine, because of Israel’s propaganda machine on the American public opinion. Netanyahu’s bluster is poured all over the United States, not just Fox but also CNN and in fact in all the mainstream media. It’s like a huge bucket of crap that they are pouring into the mouth of a gullible public in my view, when they say “we are afraid of Iran, it is going to get nuclear weapons… It’s a diversionary tactic.”

“The fact of the matter is no Israeli government has been serious about creating a Palestinian state since 1948… They’ve always had the Ben Gurion agenda of kicking all the Arabs out of the country and becoming greater Israel.”

In August, Waters called on fellow musicians to join a boycott of Israel.

“I write to you now, my brothers and sisters in the family of Rock and Roll, to ask you to join with me, and thousands of other artists around the world, to declare a cultural boycott on Israel.”

Awake, it’s Advent

December 17, 2013

 

 

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Our magnificent daily, The Toronto Star  still suffused with the principles of its Methodist  founder Joe Atkinson (comfort the afflicted, afflict the comfortable) is constant its defense of the common good. It resists the dismantling of the commons by stealth of the Harper government, as mean-spirited aggregation we have ever seen.

There is a columnist Carole Goar who is a national treasure. She sees society from the bottom up.

This is from her Dec.12 column

In the final hours before Parliament adjourned for its eight-week Christmas recess, James Rajotte , chair of the finance committee, quietly tabled Income Equality in Canada: An Overview.

 A quick glance at the 69-page report shows why the Conservative MP waited until the last possible moment to release it, precluding parliamentary debate and minimizing public attention.

It is a pathetic piece of work. It heaps praise on Prime Minister Stephen Harper for his regressive policies. It says nothing about lifting low-income Canadians out of poverty, nothing about tackling the desperate shortage of affordable housing in the country, nothing about increasing the Canada Child Tax Benefit, nothing about improving public pensions and nothing about shoring up the country’s deteriorating social programs. 

The Canadian Catholic Bishops should put her columns on their website.

But I digress.

I try to take the Advent advice seriously. Awake, look around, shake yourself from your slumber.

On one side we are called to “pay attention”. See what PM Harper and his gang is doing. The values of the kingdom challenge me to denounce such terrible policies and to act to change them. My politics are never contained in any one party. The politics of the kingdom  or God’s holy commonwealth informs my electoral politics. I will never find the perfect party so I must come to terms with the human condition and support the one which most embodies the gospel values I hold dear. Needless to say the Harperites fail calamitously here. Their disregard for the poor and their horrible violation of the earth put them beyond the pale.

But denunciation  is just a part of my choice. I must have an annunciation. Where is the good new in my daily life which i must celebrate , champion and sing about.

The second Sunday of Advent, Jesus’ favourite prophet Isaiah reminds  with righteousness he will judge the needy,with justice he will give decisions for the poor of the earth.” Hence Carole Goar.

Ah but on the Third Sunday, the gospel announces,” Go back and report to John what you hear and see:  The blind receive sight, the lame walk, those who have leprosy are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are raised, and the good news is proclaimed to the poor.” (Matt.11:4,5)

Look around and see the miracles of human compassion, solidarity, human concern.

Peter Mayer’s contemporary hymn  Everything is Holy

Read a questioning child’s face

And say it’s not a testament

That’d be very hard to say

See another new morning come

And say it’s not a sacrament

 On the way into the coffee shop outside  the daycare I laughed as a 2 year old, his father watching in bemusement, stomped with glee through the snow.

And last week getting off the Go Train at night I fell and scraped my knee and hand. I heard, a voice behind me ”Are you alright, sir”, I looked up from the ground and saw a young man rush toward me. I am still living in the glow of that solicitousness. A pure sacramental moment.

Everything is holy now.

Gaudete, rejoice!

Advent: Wake up!

December 15, 2013

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Our Advent liturgy committee met as it does every year to plan the four weeks of Advent, always a favourite period of mine. The church calendar invites to go deeper, take time,to leave behind the mad rush of the Christmas steeplechase which surrounds us at this time of the year.

We look at the readings. What do they say to us today in this big city?

This year i suggested that we might look at the theme of looking around us. It  leapt out at me in the first gospel of advent Matthew 24:37-44).

“Keep awake”, the master says,”You must be ready for the Son of Man is coming at an unexpected hour.”

Indeed.

We just need  better vision, new eyes to understand and see this. They are common, everyday occurrences.

Do you know the contemporary hymn Everything is Holy? Nobody did but after we swapped emails on the community chat line and people heard it, they all warmed to it. It is by Peter Mayer. Here’s the first verse

When I was a boy, each week

On Sunday, we would go to church

And pay attention to the priest

He would read the holy word

And consecrate the holy bread

And everyone would kneel and bow

Today the only difference is

Everything is holy now

Everything, everything

Everything is holy now

Another verse:

When holy water was rare at best

It barely wet my fingertips

But now I have to hold my breath

Like I’m swimming in a sea of it

It used to be a world half there

Heaven’s second rate hand-me-down

But I walk it with a reverent air

‘Cause everything is holy now

Everything, every thing

Everything is holy now

And Brian our masterful musician learned it quickly.

I remember Teilhard saying years ago: To those with eyes to see nothing is profane.

An example next posting

Israeli apartheid

December 10, 2013

Harper IS

Brian Mulroney, a former Prime Minister who was a Conservative finally saw the light and threw in his lot with Nelson Mandela and the ANC in their fight against apartheid.

Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper attending Mandela’s funeral in Johannesburg  has yet to connect the dots and speak out against the new apartheid regime in Israel.

Archbishop Desmond Tutu, now the moral voice of South Africa stated in 2012:

“The Jewish Holocaust, engineered and implemented primarily by Europeans, gave some ideologues within the Jewish and Christian community an excuse to implement plans that were in the making for at least 50 years, under the rubric of exceptional Jewish security. In this way began the immense oppression of the Palestinian people, who were not at all involved in the Holocaust. Not only is this group of people being oppressed more than the apartheid ideologues could ever dream about in South Africa, their very identity and history are being denied and obfuscated.”

“Israeli Apartheid”while dissimilar in some ways to South African brand  means  “separate development” much like South Africa—the segregation of populations similar to the bantustans, two legal systems, two infrastructures, horrible imbalances in education, water and “Israeli only roads”, travel restrictions.,no Law of Return for Palestinians.The horror show goes on and it is obvious to all who care to see.

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What prevents Stephen Harper from seeing this? Pure, blinkered ideology unbecoming a head of state and an intelligent human being.

Two notable Israeli figures took a pass on Mandiba’s funeral: Bibi Netanyahu and Shimon Peres.

Israeli columnist Eitan Haber naiied it with his obvious explanation

Israel  in the ‘70s and ‘80s was a full, enthusiastic partner of the apartheid regime. Until this day, millions of South African citizens have not forgotten nor forgiven Israel’s role. … Yesterday’s announcement of the cancellation of Netanyahu’s flight to the ceremony shouldn’t have surprised anyone. The leader has not yet been born who will knowingly step into a boiling pot of hatred and contempt. Netanyahu, if he were to go to the funeral,  could attract headlines in the world media – negative ones. It’s a great honor to stand at a funeral alongside the presidents of the United States and other countries, next to kings, prime ministers, princes and the who’s who of the world. But it’s a very small honor indeed to have hundreds of TV cameras aimed at you when you are rejected, ostracized, disgraced.

Two heads of states: one goes to Mandela’s funeral while supporting Israeli apartheid; the other stays away because he does not want an international light shined on Israel’s former embrace of the South African apartheid regime.

Both small men devoid of a scintilla of justice.The wellsprings of compassion have dried up.

Mandela—licked again

December 9, 2013

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One they asked  the windbag 13th prime Minister (1967-63) of Canada John Diefenbaker if he thought his face would ever be put on a stamp. The Chief as he was known, was not devoid of humour, replied, “Well if they ever did, it would be the first time in my life I’d  ever be  licked!”

Dief was on to something.

We saw this of course with the great black liberator Martin Luther King when he was murdered. He soon  was elevated to iconic status and the powers that be, many who hated him when he was alive, put him on a stamp, thus leaching the dynamite out of his message,

A year before his murder  he correctly called  his country “the greatest purveyor of violence in the world.” And so it has remained the fomentor of coups and destroyer of incipient democracies all over the world

Well, now it’s happening to Nelson Mandela.

You won’t find this quote in all of the official eulogies.

It is a tragedy, what is happening, what Bush is doing. But Bush is now undermining the United Nations. If there is a country that has committed unspeakable atrocities in the world, it is the United States of America. They don’t care for human beings. Who are they now to pretend that they are the policemen of the world, the ones that should decided for the people of Iraq what should be done with their government and their leadership,” 

Nor will you find much mention of Mandela’s unflagging support for Fidel Castro and the Palestinian people.

Again, Mandela:

From its earliest days, the Cuban Revolution has also been a source of  inspiration to all freedom-loving people. We admire the sacrifices of the Cuban people in maintaining their independence and sovereignty in the face of the vicious imperialist-orchestrated campaign to destroy the impressive gain made in the Cuban Revolution….Long live the Cuban Revolution. Long live comrade Fidel Castro,”

The great African lion never wavered from his support for for the Palestinian people and his criticism of Israel.

Israel should withdraw from all the areas which it won from the Arabs in 1967, and in particular Israel should withdraw completely from the Golan Heights, from south Lebanon and from the West Bank.”

And’ “We know too well that our freedom is incomplete without the freedom of the Palestinians.”

Haven’t read that anywhere either.

Now  poor old Mandela is about to be licked—-again.

Ellsbury leaves Sox, Schmidt leaves baseball

December 5, 2013

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Free agent outfielder Jacoby Ellsbury, fresh off winning the World Series with Boston, reached agreement with the rival New York Yankees on a seven-year contract worth about $153-million, a person familiar with the negotiations said on December 4th.

The same night longtime Red sox fan and noted baseball afficinado Ted Schmidt announced his divorce from the summer game.

“This is the final straw”, the Scarboro community theologian stated in Toronto’s Hush Free Press.”The great game is in the hands of accountants and players with no allegiance to anything but their pocket books.Loyalty is a nineteenth century word, long gone from the vocabulary of today’s mercenaries.

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I have notified the Red Sox that their longstanding fan is out for good.

As  I once said to the great Japanese scout Aki Yoshamoto whom I first met in Oakville in 1960, Sayonara!